Read article and answer questions:
What is the basic research question, or problem?
Is the purpose of the study descriptive, exploratory, explanatory, or evaluative?Justify your answer.
What features identified the study as deductive or inductive? Defend your answer.
What were the stated hypotheses? Were these hypotheses justified adequately in terms of the theoretical framework and in terms of prior research? Define your answer.
What was the independent variable in the hypotheses? What were the dependent variables in the hypotheses? Were any other variables identified as potentially important?
Which type of research design was used: experimental, survey, participant observation, historical comparative, or some combination? How well was this design suited to the research question posed and the specific hypotheses tested, if any? Why do you suppose the author(s) chose this particular design?
Was a sample or the entire population of elements used in the study? What type of sampling was selected? How would you evaluate the likely generalizability of the findings to other populations?
Did the instruments used, the measures of the variables, seem valid and reliable? How did the authors attempt to establish this?
Did the study seem consistent with ethical standards?Justify your answer.
What are the strengths and weaknesses of the study? What is its contribution to the advancement of knowledge, theory, or practice?