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Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____    1.   Hospice care differs from palliative care in that:

A.

It is not covered by insurance

B.

Supports patients and families through both the dying and the bereavement process

C.

It cannot be provided in the nursing home

D.

The majority of those admitted to hospice die within 7 days

 

 

____    2.   Evidence reflects the primary obstacle to implementing palliative care in the long-term care setting include all of the following except:

A.

Inadequate communication between decision makers

B.

Failure to recognize futile treatments

C.

Lack of advance directives

D.

Lack of sufficient staff

 

 

____    3.   The most prevalent symptom in end-of-life care includes all of the following except:

A.

Lower extremity weakness

B.

Pain

C.

Dyspnea

D.

Delirium

 

 

____    4.   Pain at the end of life is most often due to all of the following except:

A.

Musculoskeletal disorders

B.

Headache

C.

Cancer pain

D.

Neuropathic pain

 

 

____    5.   The strongest level of evidence reflects the absolute contraindication for NSAID use exists with:

A.

Chronic kidney disease

B.

Peptic ulcer disease

C.

Heart disease

D.

Liver disease

 

 

____    6.   The drug specific for severe opioid-induced constipation is:

A.

Lactulose

B.

Ducolax

C.

Mineral oil

D.

Methylnaltrexone

 

 

____    7.   Pharmacological interventions for dyspnea include all of the following except:

A.

Antitussives

B.

Inhaled anesthetics

C.

Sedatives

D.

Anxiolytics

 

 

____    8.   Delirium is typically characterized by all of the following except:

A.

Inattention

B.

Hyperactive level of psychomotor activity

C.

Disorganized thinking

D.

Altered level of consciousness

 

 

____    9.   The first step in treating delirium is to:

A.

Give low-dose Haldol if the patient has psychosis

B.

Identify the cause

C.

Provide reality orientation

D.

Use side rails and/or wrist restraints to keep the patient safe

 

 

____  10.   The majority of patients enrolled in hospice care die:

A.

In a nursing home

B.

In the hospital

C.

In an inpatient hospice facility

D.

At home

 

 

____  11.   A drug that can be used to treat two very common symptoms in a dying patient (pain and dyspnea) is:

A.

Morphine

B.

Methadone

C.

Gabapentin

D.

Lorazepam

 

 

____  12.   The tasks of grieving include all of the following except:

A.

Acknowledge the reality of death

B.

Work through the pain of grief

C.

Begin to disengage

D.

Restructure relationships

 

 

____  13.   The best description of complicated grief is:

A.

Chronic, delayed, exaggerated, masked, or disenfranchised

B.

Experience of shock during notification of the death

C.

When grief is actually experienced before the death of a loved one

D.

A physical illness develops soon after death of a loved one

 

 

____  14.   All of the following statements are true about interventions in working with the bereaved except:

A.

Allow the active expression of grief

B.

There is strong evidence behind recommended interventions

C.

Staff attending memorial services support the family

D.

Provide both emotional and spiritual support

 

 

____  15.   The highest level of evidence to support interventions at the end of life is with:

A.

Opioids for pain control

B.

Hyocsyamine for respiratory secretions

C.

Stimulant laxatives for treating constipation

D.

Opioids for dyspnea

 

 

____  16.   The highest level of evidence with the use of adjuvant analgesics is with:

A.

Tricyclic antidepressants avoided due to high adverse events

B.

Therapeutic trials before discontinuing drugs

C.

Patient with fibromyalgia are candidates for adjuvant analgesics

D.

Neuropathic pain patients are candidates for adjuvant analgesia

Palliative Care and End-of-Life Care
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